Air traffic management (ATM) encompasses all systems that assist aircraft to depart from an aerodrome, transit airspace and land at a destination aerodrome, including Air Traffic Control, Air Traffic Services, Airspace Management, and Air Traffic Flow and Capacity Management. ATM is key for the air safety and the efficiency of air services.
It is a concept related to information assurance, which refers to the guarantee that information is genuine and from bona fide sources.
An information security model commonly applied in the development of IT security policies based on three pillars: Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability. Confidentiality is ensured when data is protected from an unauthorised access. Integrity is about safeguarding the accuracy and completeness of transmitted information, by protecting data against any unauthorised modification. Availability means that data should be accessible to authorised users as and when required.
Crisis management is one of the EU GOVSATCOM fields of application (FoA), which includes a wide range of activities and users, i.e., the maritime community for search & rescue missions and response to maritime disasters, police forces fighting against international drug traffic and organised crime or conducting national police missions, civil protection forces engaged in disaster rescue missions or any other emergency and rescue operations, humanitarian aid and EU External Action missions, including the CSDP crisis management missions (training, advising, monitoring) and election observation.
It determines the ability of a system to adapt to changing conditions, as well as to prepare for, respond to and recover from any disruption caused by cyber attacks.
The European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS) is the first pan-European satellite navigation system. It is the Europe's regional satellite-based augmentation system (SBAS) deployed to provide safety of life navigation services to aviation, maritime and land-based users. EGNOS achieves its aim by transmitting a signal containing information on the reliability and accuracy of the positioning signals sent out by GPS.
EGNOS is a joint project of ESA, the European Commission and Eurocontrol, the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation.
It is a process of transforming information into either a code or a cypher that makes the data illegible to anyone without adequate credentials. Encryption plays a key role in ensuring the confidentiality and integrity of transmitted data.
EU classified information (EUCI) means any information or material designated by an EU security classification, the unauthorised disclosure of which could cause varying degrees of prejudice to the interests of the Union or of one or more of the Member States. EUCI is classified at one of the following levels:
- TRÈS SECRET UE/EU TOP SECRET: information and material the unauthorised disclosure of which could cause exceptionally grave prejudice to the essential interests of the European Union or of one or more of the Member States,
- SECRET UE/EU SECRET: information and material the unauthorised disclosure of which could seriously harm the essential interests of the European Union or of one or more of the Member States,
- CONFIDENTIEL UE/EU CONFIDENTIAL: information and material the unauthorised disclosure of which could harm the essential interests of the European Union or of one or more of the Member States, or
- RESTREINT UE/EU RESTRICTED: information and material the unauthorised disclosure of which could be disadvantageous to the interests of the European Union or of one or more of the Member States.
Refer to Decision 2013/488/EU for more details.
Field of Application
Field of application (FoA) or ‘Use case family’ groups use cases (i.e., scenarios or domains of activity) that will require the same or very similar GOVSATCOM services. Hence, a common set of requirements can be settled for each FoA.
GOVSATCOM (Governmental Satellite Communications) refers to secure space-based communication services for the EU and national public authorities managing security-critical missions and infrastructures.
It is a competent authority designated by each GOVSATCOM participant to ensure that the use of services is in compliance with the applicable security requirements, the access rights for GOVSATCOM users are determined and managed, and that user equipment and associated electronic communication connections and information are used and managed in accordance with applicable security requirements. A GOVSATCOM authority will also assist in the reporting of security risks and threats, in particular the detection of potentially harmful electromagnetic interference affecting the services under this component.
It is an operational centre the main function of which is to link, in a secure manner, the GOVSATCOM users to the providers of GOVSATCOM capacity and services and thereby optimise the supply and demand at any given moment.
It is as a secure satellite communication service offered by (future) authorised service providers within the EU GOVSATCOM service to satisfy the established GOVSATCOM user requirements.
GOVSATCOM service portfolio
A list of categories of GOVSATCOM satellite communication capacities and services and their attributes, including geographical coverage, frequency, bandwidth, user equipment, and security features.
It is as an operational scenario in a particular environment in which GOVSATCOM services are required.
A public authority, a body entrusted with the exercise of public authority, an international organisation or a natural or legal person, duly authorised and entrusted with tasks relating to the supervision and management of' security-critical missions, operations and infrastructures.
Information Assurance (IA)
It is the practice of assuring information and managing risks related to the use, processing, storage, and transmission of information. In the field of communication and information systems, information assurance gives confidence that such systems will protect the information they handle and will function as they need to, when they need to, under the control of legitimate users.
Interoperability is the ability of systems or equipment to work together in a joint operation, to exchange and make use of information.
Key infrastructure management
Key infrastructure management represents one of the GOVSATCOM fields of application, which includes police communications between Europol, Member States’ law enforcement organisations, communications for the transport infrastructure (Air Traffic Management (ATM), road traffic management, rail traffic management) and for the EU space infrastructure (Copernicus, Galileo / EGNOS), as well as institutional communications with EU representatives and delegations around the globe.
Machine to Machine communications
Machine to Machine (M2M) is direct communication between devices using any communications channel, wired and wireless.
Military satellite communication
Military satellite communications (MILSATCOM) are characterised by the highest level of robustness and security in all segments, including nuclear hardening and advanced anti-jamming capabilities, and a military-grade ground segment.
It is a concept related to information assurance, which refers to the ability to prove an action or event has taken place, so that this event or action cannot subsequently be denied.
Remotely Piloted Aircraft System
Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS) is a set of configurable elements consisting of a remotely piloted aircraft, its associated remote pilot station(s), the required command and control links, and any other system elements necessary at any point during flight operations.
Satellite communications (SatCom) refers to a service or commodity-based procured satellite communication capacity on the global open market providing a degree of ‘on-demand’ access.
Secure satellite communications
Secure SatCom represents satellite communication services with embedded protection mechanisms against interference, interception, intrusion, and cyber-security threats.
Sensitive, non-classified information
Sensitive but non-classified information means that this information needs to be protected by the European Commission because of legal obligations laid down in the Treaties or in acts adopted in implementation thereof, and/or because of its sensitivity.
It is the process of implementing and developing technical standards based on the consensus of different parties, including firms, users, interest groups, standards organisations and governments.
Surveillance is one of the GOVSATCOM fields of application, which covers operations carried out by the border surveillance community and the maritime community, related to the monitoring and control of traffic and illegal activities for land and sea.
Transversal use cases
Transversal uses cases for GOVSATCOM include: SatCom services in the Arctic region, services for Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS), Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M) or Internet-of-Things (IoT) applications.
Use case means an operational scenario in a particular environment in which GOVSATCOM users require GOVSATCOM services. Use cases are grouped under FoAs, when suitable.
User of GOVSATCOM services means a Union or Member State public authority, a body entrusted with the exercise of public authority, or a natural or legal person, duly authorised and entrusted with tasks relating to the supervision and management of' security-critical missions, operations and infrastructures.
User community is a group of GOVSATCOM users with similar area of action or providing similar services, who would be interested in a specific service or product to respond to their use cases, and could exchange ideas and knowledge.